Discovery of the Lost City

Kelley, D. S., J.A. Karson, G.L. Früh-Green, D. Yoerger, T.M. Shank, D.A. Butterfield, J.M. Hayes, M.O. Schrenk, E. Olson, G. Proskurowski, M. Jakuba, A. Bradley, B. Larson, K. Ludwig, D. Glickson, K. Buckman, A.S. Bradley, W.J. Brazelton, K. Roe, M.J. Elend, A. Delacour, S.M. Bernasconi, M.D. Lilley, J.A. Baross, R.E. Summons, S.P. Sylva (2005) A Serpentinite-Hosted Ecosystem: The Lost City Hydrothermal Field. Science. 307:1428-1434.

Kelley DS, Karson J a, Blackman DK, Früh-Green GL, Butterfield D a, Lilley MD, Olson EJ, Schrenk MO, Roe KK, Lebon GT, Rivizzigno P. (2001) An off-axis hydrothermal vent field near the Mid-Atlantic Ridge at 30 degrees N. Nature 412:145–9.

Reviews featuring the Lost City

Lang, S. Q., & Brazelton, W. J. (2020). Habitability of the marine serpentinite subsurface: a case study of the Lost City hydrothermal field. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 378(2165),

Brazelton, W.J. (2017) Quick Guide: Hydrothermal vents. Current Biology 27(11): R450-452. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.02.022.

Karson, J.A., D.S. Kelley, D.J. Fornari, M.R. Perfit, and T.M. Shank, 2015 Discovering the Deep, A Photographic Atlas of the Seafloor and Oceanic Crust. Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 9780521857185, 527 pp. Prose Award for best book internationally in Earth Science category.

Schrenk M.O., Brazelton W.J., and Lang S.Q. (2013) “Serpentinization, Carbon, and Deep Life.”  Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry.75(1): 575-606.

Schrenk MO, Huber J a., Edwards KJ. (2010) Microbial Provinces in the Subseafloor. Ann Rev Mar Sci 2:279–304.

Kelley, D.S. and T.M. Shank, 2010 Hydrothermal Systems: A decade of discovery in slow-spreading centers, in Diversity of Hydrothermal Systems on Slow-Spreading Ocean Ridges, eds. P.A. Rona, C.W. Devey, J. Dyment, B.J. Murton, Geophysical Monograph, 188, Amer. Geophys. Union, 369-407.

Martin W, Baross J, Kelley D, Russell MJ. (2008) Hydrothermal vents and the origin of life. Nat Rev Microbiol 6:805–814.

Kelley, D.S., G.L. Früh-Green J.A. Karson, and K.A. Ludwig, 2007 The Lost City hydrothermal field revisited. Oceanography, 20, 90-99.

Kelley, D.S., 2005 From the Mantle to Microbes The Lost City Hydrothermal Field, Oceanography, 18(3) 32-45.

Lost City microbes are fueled by carbon and energy from the Earth’s mantle

Lang, S.Q., Früh-Green G.L, Bernasconi, S.M., Brazelton, W.J., Schrenk, M.O., and McGonigle, J.M. (2018) Deeply-sourced formate fuels sulfate reducers but not methanogens at Lost City hydrothermal field Scientific Reports 8(755) 1-10.

Méhay S., Früh-Green G.L., Lang S.Q., Bernasconi S.M., Brazelton W.J., Schaeffer P., and Adam P., (2013) “Record of archaeal activity at the Lost City Hydrothermal Field” Geobiology. 11:570-592

Lang S.Q., Früh-Green G.L., Bernasconi S.M., and Butterfield D.A (2013). Sources of organic nitrogen at the serpentinite-hosted Lost City hydrothermal field. Geobiology. 11:154-169. DOI: 10.1111/gbi.12026

Lang S.Q., Früh-Green G.L., Bernasconi S.M., Lilley M.D., Proskurowski G., Méhay S., and Butterfield D.A. (2012) Microbial utilization of abiogenic carbon and hydrogen in a serpentinite-hosted system. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta. 92:82-99.

Bradley A, Hayes J, Summons R. (2009) Extraordinary 13C enrichment of diether lipids at the Lost City hydrothermal field indicates a carbon-limited ecosystem. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 73:102–118.

Diversity and metagenomics of Lost City microbes

Brazelton, W.J., B. Nelson, M.O. Schrenk (2012) Metagenomic evidence for H2 oxidation and H2 production by serpentinite-hosted subsurface microbial communities. Frontiers in Extreme Microbiology. 2:268. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2011.00268.

Brazelton, W.J., M.P. Mehta, D.S. Kelley, J.A. Baross (2011) Physiological differentiation within a single-species biofilm fueled by serpentinization. mBio. 2, e00127-11.

Brazelton, W.J., K.A. Ludwig, M.L. Sogin, E.N. Andreishcheva, D.S. Kelley, C-C. Shen, R. L. Edwards, J.A. Baross (2010) Archaea and bacteria with surprising microdiversity show shifts in dominance over 1000-year time scales in hydrothermal chimneys. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 107: 1612-1617. doi:10.1073/pnas.0905369107.

Brazelton, W.J. and J.A. Baross (2009) Abundant transposases encoded by the metagenome of a hydrothermal chimney biofilm. The ISME Journal. 3: 1420-1424.

Brazelton, W.J. and J.A. Baross (2010) Metagenomic comparison of two Thiomicrospira lineages inhabiting contrasting deep-sea hydrothermal environments. PloS One. 5(10: e13530.

Brazelton, W.J., M.L. Sogin, J.A. Baross (2010) Multiple scales of diversification within natural populations of archaea in hydrothermal chimney biofilms. Environmental Microbiology Reports. 2(2): 236-242.

Brazelton, W. J., M.O. Schrenk, D.S. Kelley, J.A. Baross (2006) Methane- and sulfur- metabolizing microbial communities dominate in the Lost City Hydrothermal Field ecosystem. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72: 6257-6270.

Schrenk MO, Kelley DS, Bolton SA, Baross JA. (2004) Low archaeal diversity linked to subseafloor geochemical processes at the Lost City Hydrothermal Field, Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Env Microbiol 6:1086–1095.

Geochemistry of Lost City fluids

Larson, B. I., Lang, S.Q., Lilley, M.D., Olson, E.J., Lupton, J., Nakamura, K., Buck, N. (2015) Stealth export of hydrogen and methane from a low temperature serpentinization system. Deep-Sea Research Part II. 121: 233-245. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2015.05.007

Lang S. Q., Butterfield D. A., Schulte, M. S., Kelley D.S., and Lilley M. D. (2010) Elevated Concentrations of Formate, Acetate and Dissolved Organic Carbon Found at the Lost City Hydrothermal Field. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta 74:941-952.

Proskurowski G, Lilley MD, Seewald JS, Früh-Green GL, Olson EJ, Lupton JE, Sylva SP, Kelley DS. (2008) Abiogenic hydrocarbon production at Lost City Hydrothermal Field. Science 319:604–7.

Proskurowski G, Lilley MD, Kelley DS, Olson EJ. (2005) Low temperature volatile production at the Lost City Hydrothermal Field , evidence from a hydrogen stable isotope geothermometer. Chem Geol.

Geochemistry of Lost City chimneys

Ludwig KA, Shen C-C, Kelley DS, Cheng H, Edwards RL. (2011) U–Th systematics and 230Th ages of carbonate chimneys at the Lost City Hydrothermal Field. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 75:1869–1888.

Ludwig KA, Kelley DS, Butterfield DA, Nelson BK, Fruh-Green G. (2006) Formation and evolution of carbonate chimneys at the Lost City Hydrothermal Field. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 70:3625–3645.

Früh-Green GL, Kelley DS, Bernasconi SM, Karson JA, Ludwig KA, Butterfield DA, Boschi C, Proskurowski G. (2003) 30,000 Years of Hydrothermal Activity At the Lost City Vent Field. Science 301:495–8.

Geology and Geochemistry of the Atlantis Massif

Denny, A.R., D.S. Kelley, and G. Früh-Green, 2015 Geologic evolution of the Lost City Hydrothermal Field. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, doi: 0.1002/2015GC005869.

Delacour A., G.L. Früh-Green, S.M. Bernasconi, P.H. Schaeffer, and D.S. Kelley, 2008 Carbon Geochemistry of serpentinites at the Lost City Hydrothermal System (30°N, MAR) Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 72, 3681-3702.

Delacour A., G.L. Früh-Green, M. Frank, M. Gutjahr, and D.S. Kelley, 2008 Sr- and Nd-isotope geochemistry of the Atlantis Massif (30°N, MAR): Implications for fluid fluxes and lithospheric heterogeneity, Chemical Geology, 254, 19-35.

Delacour, A., G.L. Früh-Green, S.M. Bernasconi, and D.S. Kelley, 2008 Sulfur in peridotites and gabbros at Lost City (30°N, MAR): Implications for hydrothermal alteration and microbial activity during serpentinization. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 72, 5090-5110.

Boschi, C., Dini, A., Früh-Green, G.L., and D.S. Kelley, 2008 Isotopic and element exchange during serpentinization and metasomatism at the Atlantis Massif: Insights from B and Sr isotope data, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta., 72, 1801-1823.

Karson JA, Früh-Green GL, Kelley DS, Williams EA, Yoerger DR, Jakuba M. 2006. Detachment shear zone of the Atlantis Massif core complex, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 30°N. Geochemistry, Geophys Geosystems 7:n/a-n/a.

Boschi, C, G.L. Fruh-Green, J.A. Karson, D.S. Kelley, A.G. Delacour, 2006. Mass transfer and fluid flow during detachment faulting and development of an oceanic core complex, Atlantis Massif (30°N). Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 7(1), Q01004, doi:10.1029/2005GC001074.

Früh-Green, G.L. D.S. Kelley, S.M. Bernasconi, J.A. Karson, K.A. Ludwig, D.A. Butterfield and C. Boschi, 2003 30,000 Years of Hydrothermal Activity at the Lost City Vent Field. Science, 302, 495-498.

IODP Expedition 357: subseafloor rocks and fluids of the Atlantis Massif

Hickok, K., Nguyen, T., Lang, S.Q. (2018) Assessment of apolar lipids in subseafloor rocks and potential contaminants from the Atlantis Massif. Organic Geochemistry 122: 68-77.

Rouméjon, S., Früh-Green, G.L., Orcutt, B.N., and the IODP Expedition 357 Science Party (2018) Alteration heterogeneities in peridotites exhumed on the southern wall of the Atlantis Massif (IODP Expedition 357). Journal of Petrology, egy065,

Früh-Green, G.L., Orcutt, B.N., Green, S.L., Cotterill, C., and the Expedition 357 Scientists, 2016. Atlantis Massif Serpentinization and Life. Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program, 357: College Station, TX (International Ocean Discovery Program). doi: 10.14379/iodp.proc.357.2017.

Lost City and Astrobiology

Amador, E.S., Bandfield, J.L., Kelley, D.S., Brazelton, W.J. (2017) The Lost City Hydrothermal Field as a spectroscopic and astrobiological Analog for Nili Fossae, Mars.  Astrobiology 17(11): 1138-1160. doi: 10.1089/ast.2016.1606.

Sojo, V., Herschy, B., Whicher, A., Camprubi, E., & Lane, N. (2016). The origin of life in alkaline hydrothermal vents. Astrobiology, 16(2), 181-197.

Kreysing, M., Keil, L., Lanzmich, S., & Braun, D. (2015). Heat flux across an open pore enables the continuous replication and selection of oligonucleotides towards increasing length. Nature chemistry, 7(3), 203.

Glein, C. R., Baross, J. A., & Waite Jr, J. H. (2015). The pH of Enceladus’ ocean. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 162, 202-219.

Martin, W. F., Sousa, F. L., & Lane, N. (2014). Energy at life’s origin. Science, 344(6188), 1092-1093.

Stüeken, E. E., R.E. Anderson, J.S. Bowman, W.J. Brazelton, J. Colangelo-Lillis, A.D. Goldman, S.M. Som, J.A. Baross (2013) Did life originate from a global chemical reactor? Geobiology. 11: 101–126. doi: 10.1111/gbi.12025.

Russell, M. J., Hall, A. J., & Martin, W. (2010). Serpentinization as a source of energy at the origin of life. Geobiology, 8(5), 355-371.

Baaske, P., Weinert, F. M., Duhr, S., Lemke, K. H., Russell, M. J., & Braun, D. (2007). Extreme accumulation of nucleotides in simulated hydrothermal pore systems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(22), 9346-9351.

Russell, M. J., & Martin, W. (2004). The rocky roots of the acetyl-CoA pathway. Trends in biochemical sciences, 29(7), 358-363.